Missiology Through Scripture – 1 Samuel 2:10

“The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The Lord will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.” – 1 Samuel 2:10

This verse concludes what is commonly called the Prayer of Hannah. The song highlights the end of the tale of the birth of Samuel. At the time this verse was written there had not yet been a king in Israel. Yet, Moses had foretold of a king (Gen 49:8-12; Num 24:7-9). Many commentators indicate this passage is referencing ahead to the dynasty of Saul and/or David. However, the Hebrew word which is here translated as “anointed” can also mean “Messiah,” and this is the first usage of that word in Scripture. There must be at least a modicum of perception this is a foreshadowing of Christ.

Hannah’s Prayer (1 Sam 2:1-10) shows great similarities to Mary’s Song found in Luke 1:46-55. They both reflect much of the Old Testament law and point ahead to Christ as the fulfillment of the Covenant. Robert Bergen says, “The close parallels between Hannah’s Prayer and Mary’s Song suggest that the first-century Christian community considered the entire passage, and especially the phrases ‘his king’ and ‘his anointed,’ to be prophetic references to Jesus Christ and his ministry.”[1] If this passage is pointing to Jesus, or even David (who himself points to Jesus), it has great ramifications for the nations.

The Lord will judge the entire earth: every tribe and every nation. The sovereign over God’s elect will have the authority and strength of Yahweh to disseminate justice and mercy upon the nations. The Anointed, the Messiah, Jesus Christ has authority over every tribe and tongue. We know this is true. The Jews knew it to be true before they ever had an earthly king. Christ will call all the nations to stand before himself in judgement. How can we posses this knowledge and not take it to the nations? How can we sit by and watch them perish, knowing God has given us the key which can save them?


[1] Robert D. Bergen, 1, 2 Samuel, vol. 7, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), 77.